The BAD Buildings Model

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The BAD (Brownfield, Abandoned, Dilapidated) Buildings Program is a West Virginia statewide initiative that provides technical assistance and site analysis tools to enhance abandoned and dilapidated building programs in WV communities. Failure to address BAD Buildings imposes severe social and economic costs on neighborhoods. This program helps to identify, prioritize, and redevelop such buildings.

The BAD Buildings Model and resources support West Virginia communities with limited local capacity and no abandoned/dilapidated buildings program. Applications for the technical assistance provided through the program are accepted annually, however this site provides a wealth of resources that can be used by any community at all stages of project development.


Five Principles of the BAD Buildings Program

  1. The Program prepares property for reuse and reintroduction into the local market.
  2. Local teams use a transparent and efficient process to identify, evaluate, and prioritize buildings targeted for demolition, deconstruction, or rehabilitation.
  3. Local stakeholders determine priority criteria in order to most efficiently use limited resources targeted toward sites that will have the highest redevelopment impact.
  4. An effective local effort includes all stakeholders throughout each step of the process.
  5. An engaged and supportive local municipal government plays a vital role in the success of a BAD Buildings Program.


Program Definitions

BAD Buildings Team is a volunteer team comprised of local citizens, elected officials, and other stakeholders. This Team will conduct the BAD Buildings survey and inventory as well as decide upon the future direction and efforts it will take to address targeted BAD Buildings.

BAD Buildings Survey is a preliminary visual survey of all properties within the target area to identify potential BAD Buildings. Additional site research will be conducted to determine if specific properties are abandoned, vacant, or dilapidated and should be added to the BAD Buildings Inventory, which is the compilation of all properties surveyed and researched.

The BAD Buildings Program includes tools to help communities address properties that are brownfields (properties with real or perceived environmental contaminants), abandoned (owner has given up responsibility for the property), vacant (owner does not occupy/cannot find tenants for the property), or dilapidated (properties with significant aesthetic or structural impairments).

Teams create a BAD Buildings Redevelopment Plan which includes a complete BAD Buildings Inventory as well as the identification of prioritized, high value properties for targeted redevelopment. The Plan also includes specific next steps to begin addressing the BAD Buildings, such as the creation of owner outreach, marketing, and prevention strategies. The plan also identifies key team leaders who will lead the project going forward to implement the strategies and continuation of redevelopment efforts.


BAD Buildings Program Model

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Step 1: Form BAD Buildings Team

Members of the BAD Buildings Program help a community to mobilize and create a dedicated BAD Buildings Team comprised of local stakeholders, volunteers, elected officials, civic organizations, and local business owners.


Step 2: Train BAD Buildings Team

Members of the Program train the community Team on how to identify, survey, and research local BAD Buildings.


Step 3: Develop BAD Building Inventory

The Team creates an inventory which includes compiled site information and a ranked list based on community-defined priorities and feasibility.

Fairmont, WV recently completed their BAD Building inventory. Read about their experience here.


Step 4: Create BAD Buildings Redevelopment Plan

The BAD Buildings Redevelopment Plan defines next steps to efficiently use local and leveraged resources to address high priority sites. The plan includes:

  • A prioritized BAD Buildings Inventory
  • Identified high priority properties with significant economic redevelopment potential
  • Next step recommendations for property owners, local revitalization groups, businesses, and the municipal government to address BAD Buildings
  • Redevelopment options for high priority sites including demolition, deconstruction, rehabilitation, and adaptive reuse


Step 5: Implement the Redevelopment Plan

Now that you’ve created a BAD Buildings Redevelopment Plan, visit our resources page to find tools and strategies specific to your project’s needs.


For more information visit our FAQ, the program application, and click here to see a list of West Virginia communities that we are currently working with through the program.

Visit this page for a list of all tools available for download through this website.